#85 & #86

500 Education, Training, Employment & Social Services:Eliminate the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities

Savings in Millions of Dollars
  • 2016
    296
  • 2017
    297
  • 2018
    298
  • 2019
    301
  • 2020
    309
  • 2021
    315
  • 2022
    322
  • 2023
    331
  • 2024
    337
  • 2025
    344
  • 2016-2020
    1501
  • 2016-2025
    3150

Sources

Savings are expressed as budget authority and were calculated by using the FY 2014 enacted spending levels of the NEH as found on page 11 of NEH, “Appropriations Request for Fiscal Year 2015,” March 2014, “National Endowment for the Arts Appropriations History,” 1966 to 2014. FY 2014 spending levels were increased at the same rate as discretionary spending for 2016–2025, according to the CBO’s most recent August 2014 baseline.

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Technical Notes on Scoring

CBO Baseline

Unless otherwise noted, calculations for savings for each recommendation relies on the most recent Congressional Budget Office baseline, as found in “An Update to the Budget and Economic Outlook: 2014 to 2024,” published August 27, 2014, has been used.

Savings “Totals”

While totals for the five and 10 year savings are provided by section and for the complete set of recommendations, there are two reasons they should not be viewed as representing total savings for The Budget Book.

First, as noted in the introduction, The Heritage Foundation would recommend that the savings realized in the Function 050 Defense section would stay within the Department of Defense to strengthen the nation’s defense capabilities.

Second, the numbers cannot be deemed to represent the realized savings if every single recommendation were adopted because policy changes made in one program can impact spending levels in other programs.  Thus, the numbers in the table do not reflect any potential interactions between the various policy changes affecting spending or savings.

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Heritage Recommendation:

Eliminate federal funding for both the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). This proposal saves $296 million in 2016, and $3.2 billion over 10 years.

Rationale:

Return NEA, NEH to proud American tradition of private funding. Save taxpayers $3.2 billion.

Private contributions to the arts and humanities vastly exceed the amount provided by the NEA and NEH. According to the nonprofit Americans for the Arts, private giving to arts and humanities amounted to $13.1 billion in 2011, which compared to $292 million for the NEA and NEH combined. According to The Washington Post, Kickstarter alone provides more funding for the arts than the NEA does. The Post goes on to explain:

Individuals have always been the backbone of arts funding. The NEA has never tried to compete with individual donors, and that’s the premise of Kickstarter—it’s a platform that allows individual donors to fund projects. In 2011, individuals contributed $13 billion to arts and cultural charities. According to the NEA, individuals make up 75 percent of all private giving, much more than corporations or foundations. Kickstarter, in essence, simplifies the long-held American tradition of individual private donors giving to the arts.

The exchange also highlights another misconception about the arts: that the U.S. government once funded the arts so heavily as to compete with private donors. In reality, the NEA has always made up a small part of overall arts funding when compared to private philanthropy.1

Endnotes

  1.  Katherine Boyle, “Yes, Kickstarter Raises More Money for Artists than the NEA. Here’s Why That’s Not Really Surprising,” The Washington Post, July 7, 2013, (accessed December 12, 2014). 

Return NEA, NEH to proud American tradition of private funding. Save taxpayers $3.2 billion.

Contributing Expert

Brad Watson served as Senior Policy Services Advisor in Policy Promotion during the production of The Budget Book. He has since left The Heritage Foundation for a new position

Brad WatsonSenior Policy Services Advisor

Additional Reading